A wood chisel is a must-have tool for any carpenter. It can be used to shape and shave wood, but it's also great for removing old paint from furniture or stripping the bark off of logs. Proper use of a chisel will make your work much easier than using other tools such as saws and hammers. Read on to learn about how to use a wood chisel properly so you can get started with this versatile tool!
Read my blog post on the best wood chisels for carpentry and crafts if you want to know more about this topic.
Table of Contents
Why Should You Use a Wood Chisel?
In the modern world, wood chisels may seem like old-fashioned tools not worth the trouble. However, there is a reason they have stood the test of time and can still be found in many toolboxes! The truth is that any number of modern metal tools could do replacement work for certain functions of a wood chisel.
It's worth knowing just what those reasons are and how to use them properly so that you aren't wasting your time on poorly executed projects. With proper care and handling, your trusty wood chisel can last for years to come.
Here are ten reasons to use a wood chisel:
- You can do more with a wood chisel than just cut wood.
- A properly sharpened and honed wood chisel can make quick, clean cuts in soft and hardwoods.
- Wood chisels can be used to pare or shape wooden pieces, removing small amounts of material evenly from all sides.
- Chiseling is an excellent way to remove waste material when preparing stock for other tools such as saws or routers.
- With a little practice, you can use a wood chisel to mortise and tenon joints quickly and easily.
- A wood chisel can be used as a scraper to remove paint, varnish, and other finishes from wooden surfaces.
- Chisels can also be used as a plane or spokeshave to create curved or angled surfaces on wood.
- With the correct mallet, a wood chisel can be used as a hammer to drive nails or stakes into the ground.
- A well-made wood chisel is invaluable for carving intricate details into woodworking projects.
- In general, using a wood chisel is a safe way to work with wood, provided you take the necessary precautions and use the appropriate safety gear.
So there you have it: ten reasons to add a wood chisel to your tool collection. With such a versatile and handy tool at your disposal, you'll be able to tackle all sorts of woodworking projects with ease. So what are you waiting for? Get yourself a wood chisel!
I hope this article will be useful and help convince you that wood chisels are a great tool to have around your workshop!
If you want to know more about this topic, read my blog post 22 uses of wood chisels explained by professionals.
I also suggest reading my blog post the best way to sharpen a wood chisel, which will teach you everything there is to know about sharpening your tools to get the best results possible in your woodwork projects!
A Step By Step Guide on How to Use a Wood Chisel
A wood chisel is a tool that you can use to pare away bits of wood from a larger piece. You can also use it to remove chips or burrs from the edges of the planed stock. This article will learn how to properly use a wood chisel and get some tips for making your finished products look better.
1) Learn which type of chisel is best suited for your project
There are many chisels, each with its purpose and design features. Before using a chisel on any project, the first step is to understand its kind of work and its limitations. For example, there is the paring-edge chisel, which has an angled blade at approximately 20 degrees. Its primary purpose is to pare away small amounts of wood and clean up the end grain of a board. The firmer chisel also has an angled blade at approximately 25 degrees and has a straighter edge for making precise straight cuts. Finally, the bevel-edge chisel is designed with a 45-degree cutting angle on its beveled side. It is often used as a general all-purpose tool, but you should exercise caution when using it if you are new to its chisels because it can cause more damage than good if used incorrectly.
2) Know how to hold the wood chisel correctly
The best way to grip a wood chisel is by it firmly at both ends, one end held in your dominant hand and the other end attached to a woodworking bench. Use this method if you are right-handed; use the opposite grip for left-handed individuals. Now, rest the chisel on its side against your cheek, and with your free hand, hold it steady with a gentle pressure pointing downwards towards where you will be cutting. Therefore, even if your tool is off by a few centimeters or less, you will not damage yourself or the material you're holding on to. On the other hand, if you try using only one hand to hold onto this tool as some people do, then it'll probably fly upwards at an unpredictable moment and cause some severe internal harm.
3) Be sure to use a sharp wood chisel
One of the main benefits of using a wood chisel is that it can help you achieve a cleaner and more accurate cut. However, to do this, your chisel must be sharp. Dull blades make the task at hand more difficult, but they can also lead to costly and time-consuming mistakes to fix. To sharpen your chisel, use a honing stone or diamond sharpener. First, find the angle you need to sharpen the blade at (usually 25 degrees) and then hold the blade against the honing stone at that angle. Next, use even pressure and move the blade towards you while maintaining the angle. Do this for both sides of the blade. If you're using a diamond sharpener, follow the same steps but hold the blade at a 45-degree angle.
4) Apply pressure in the correct direction
To achieve a clean cut with a wood chisel, you need to apply pressure in the correct direction. This means that you should be pushing down on the chisel with your dominant hand while simultaneously pulling it towards you with your other hand. If you try to use only one hand for this job, you will not be able to control the chisel properly, and it may slip off of its target or go in the wrong direction.
5) Start your cuts with an edge-first motion
You should always start a cut with a wood chisel by placing its side against the work surface, not its cutting edge. This way, you're certain to have a clean beginning and avoid damaging the surface that you're working on. When pushing down on your chisel to slice through whatever material you are trying to cut, do so at an angle perpendicular to that object or material.
6) Cut in deep enough but not too deep
Wood chisels are great for making cuts 3mm or less; any deeper than this, you might be removing more wood than desired. However, if your cut isn't deep enough, it may leave behind some marks that cannot be sanded away thoroughly without removing parts of the surrounding area. To help yourself maintain a balance between these two factors:
- Create a test cut that is 1.5mm deep on an area of scrap wood.
- Once you're done making this sample cut, place it beside the workpiece and see if the resulting gap would be noticeable if not addressed by sanding.
- If so, keep your chisel sunken in at least 1.5mm when performing your accurate cut on whatever material you are working with.
7) Use a block of wood as support for applying pressure
Wood chisels tend to give to them; they are not solid steel all across their length but instead have more flexible metal parts where needed most (such as on the tip). Therefore, using a block of sturdy wood on either side of your workplace can be a huge help in preventing your wood chisel from shifting while you are putting pressure on it.
8) Don't use too much force
One of the most common problems with woodworkers is that they exert way more energy than necessary while cutting. While this might not seem like it would hurt anything, overuse of energy or using brute strength on something that requires finesse can cause all sorts of unnecessary damage down the line, such as damaged tools or an imprecise cut which will need to be fixed later. To avoid pushing too hard on your chisels, do some practice cuts on scrap material first so that you get a feel for the right amount of force needed for each situation.
9) Be aware of your surroundings
Working with wood chisels can be dangerous, especially if you're not paying attention to what you're doing. There is a genuine risk of the blade slipping and cutting your fingers, so always be aware of where your hands are when touching the blade. In addition, keep in mind that bits of wood or other debris may fly off as you cut, so make sure that there is nothing within your range that could potentially get hit by one of these projectiles.
10) Don't use a wood chisel for tasks it wasn't meant to do
A wood chisel should not be used as a pry bar or hammer; trying to do so will only damage the tool itself. If you need to pry something open or hammer it into place, you should use the tool designed for that job. The same can be said of other tasks such as removing metal screws; doing this work with a wood chisel will only damage the blade and make it unusable for its primary purpose.
When Not to Use the Wood Chisel?
There are a few times when you shouldn't use the wood chisel.
- One is when the wood is too hard. If the wood is too hard, it will be difficult to cut, and you may end up damaging the tool or the wood.
- Another time you shouldn't use the wood chisel is when the wood is too soft. It will be easy to cut if the wood is too soft, but it won't hold together very well.
- You should also avoid using the wood chisel when there are many knots in the wood. The knots can make it difficult to cut, and you may end up damaging the tool or the wood.
- Finally, you should avoid using the wood chisel when there is a lot of sap in the wood. The sap can make the wood difficult to cut, and you may end up damaging the tool or the wood.
So, when is it a good time to use the wood chisel? The best time to use the wood chisel is when the wood is relatively soft, and there aren't any knots or sap in it. This will allow you to cut the wood easily and without damaging the tool or the wood. Thanks for reading! I hope this article was helpful.
Common Mistakes to Avoid When Using a Wood Chisel
Woodcarvers and woodworkers sometimes make many mistakes when using a chisel. I have done the same, as most people do who are learning to use one for the first time. This article will list some of those mistakes that I have seen or made myself and what others should learn from them.
1) Using the wrong bevel angle
When you buy a quality chisel, it comes with its bevel ground at an angle between 45 degrees and 55 degrees. It is imperative to maintain this angle during use, so the cutting edge remains sharp and lasts longer. If you turn your chisel over on its back (the side where the blade's steel extends higher than the handle), you will see where the metal has been ground to form the bevel. It is most common for this edge to be either flat (90 degrees) or rounded over a little bit. If it is a full 90 degrees, the entire cutting edge will be touching along its length as you use it. This can lead to rapid wear on the blade, and it also means that your technique needs to be very accurate so as not to remove excessive amounts of wood at any one time. A more acute angle of around 45 degrees, as seen in some Japanese chisels, makes sharpening easier but reduces the overall strength of the blade.
2) Holding the chisel with the handle close to vertically
Holding a chisel too close to vertical can easily cause breakages. This is because the metal will be less strong and more likely to snap if too much pressure is applied when the blade is vertical. A good way to avoid this is to angle the handle slightly towards you as you hold it so that the bevel faces inwards towards your body. This will help keep the blade stable and secure, especially when striking it with a mallet.
3) Not using a mallet
A chisel should always be struck with a wooden mallet - never hit it with a metal hammer! Hammers are designed to drive nails into wood, whereas chisels need light but sharp tap so that their cutting edge penetrates the material being cut. Therefore, when hitting the chisel, you will blunt the edge and damage the tool if you use too much force. A wooden mallet will also protect the chisel's handle from breaking.
4) Not striking the chisel straight on
If you hit a chisel at an angle, it will cause the blade to move sideways and dig into the material being cut instead of slicing through it cleanly. This can easily cause the tool to snap or become damaged. You can prevent this by hitting the chisel squarely with the full force of your swing so that the bevel faces downward and cuts into the wood.
5) Cutting towards your hand
One of the most common mistakes when using a chisel is to try and guide it with your hand. If you do this, you will almost certainly injure your fingers. The only part of the tool that should move is the blade - your hand should remain as still as possible throughout use. If you need to open up a section of wood using a chisel or gouge, place a piece of scrap wood behind it and then work into this instead.
6) Using too much force
One mistake I see often is people trying to cut too deep with their chisel. This causes additional problems such as splitting and breaking the edge (see above). Make sure that you only cut across the surface, not down into it: successive cuts will gain depth rather than one large slice. The smaller size of most chisels also means less leverage is available, so you don't need to put as much force into your swing as you might think.
7) Not supporting the wood
If you are trying to cut a piece of wood that is too large or too heavy to hold in your hand, it is essential to support it properly. This can be done by using a bench hook, vise, or another clamping device or resting it on your workbench. If the wood starts to move around as you cut it, you will lose control of the chisel and may hurt yourself.
8) Cutting too deep
As mentioned earlier, it is essential not to cut too deeply with a chisel as this can easily damage the tool. The blade should only be penetrating the surface of the wood, not going down into it. You can tell if you are cutting too deep by checking to see if the chisel is starting to become lodged in the material - if it is, you need to stop and take a step back.
9) Not using a sharp edge
A blunt or damaged chisel won't cut cleanly and will require more force to use, which can easily lead to injury. It is essential to keep your chisels sharp - this can be done with a honing stone or diamond sharpener. If the edge starts to become rounded off, it's time for a resharpening.
10) Choosing the wrong chisel for the job
There are many chisels available on the market, each designed for a specific purpose. So, before you start using one, it's essential to make sure that you choose the right tool for the job. For instance, a mortise chisel is ideal for cutting into joints, while a bevel edge chisel is better suited for paring and trimming wood. By understanding the different types of chisels available and what they are used for, you can avoid making mistakes when using them.
So there you have it - ten common mistakes to avoid when using a wood chisel! By following these tips, you'll be able to get the best results from your tools and keep them in good condition for longer.
Safety Precautions When Using a Wood Chisel?
When using a wood chisel, always:
- wear protective gear, including gloves, goggles/glasses, clothing/overalls, steel-toed shoes/boots, earmuffs with plugs or muffs, and possibly an air filter for respiratory protection
- pay attention when setting up your workspace so that you may keep yourself safe from harm's way
- remember to hold the tool at the end of the handle and keep both hands on it while you're pushing it through wood
- never apply downward pressure on the tool by pushing down with only one hand while holding the shaft
- be aware of falling debris
- make sure any bystanders know they should stand back
- set up your workspace in an area where no people or pets are passing by
- read the manufacturer's instructions carefully before using a wood chisel
- practice using the tool on scrap pieces of wood until you feel comfortable working with it
- remember that safety should always be your top priority when using any power tool. Thanks for reading!
We hope this article has answered some of your questions about wood chisels and how to use them. If you have any other queries for us on the subject, please don't hesitate to leave a comment below!